GUN AN-94 What do you think?

Discussion in 'On Topic' started by OrionRU, Sep 2, 2002.

  1. OrionRU

    OrionRU Guest


    Caliber (mm): 5,45 x 39
    Principle: combined-free moving of shooting mechanism + gas engine
    Range (m): 1000/650
    Lenght (mm): 943/728
    Weight (kg): 3,85
    Barrel: chromade, 4 right grooves x195mm
    Barrel lenght (mm): 405
    Cycl. rate of fire (rds/m): 1800 and 600

    AN-94 was designed by Nokonov and manufactured by ZNIITochMash. Abakan is fundamentally different in its design from the Kalashnikov rifles and can fire at 1800 rpm. It is still 5.45mm, but in the future it can be 6 mm. It does not fire 1800 rpm regularly. Regularly it fires 600 rpm. But if 2 shots burst selected, it fires 2 shots burst at 1800 rpm. By the way speed regulated automaticly, bu rifles designed. The other new future is the something called assymetric recoil(?). During this 2 shots burst, you feel only single recoil from the 2 shots COMBINED, not from the each shot. It does allow exelent accuracy with 2 shots burst. Both bullets vertualy hit target only couple cm a way from each other. Overall rifle would be MORE accurate than M-16A2, even Russians admit that 5.45 mm round is less accurate than 5.56 mm. There is also folding plastic buutstock, and bayonet is mounted on the right side and flat, that allow better penetration between the ribbs, and allow to do slashing.

    The ASN Assault Rifle: The ASN assault rifle which may now be production at the Izhevsk Machine Factory (Izmashzavod) was initially shown in 1993 and it immediately created a stir in the West as it was a complete departure from earlier Soviet/ Russian small arms designs. The rifle apparently was the winner in what Russian literature has referred to as the "Abakan Competition" to choose a new service rifle and is the apparent winner. It has been selected to replace the venerable Kalashnikov series of rifles in Russian military service, according to an official announcement from the Chief Missile and Artillery Directorate of the Combined Armed Forces of the CIS. The ASN can be viewed essentially as the Russian version of the American Objective Individual Combat Weapon (OICW), as it is truly different from any rifle ever fielded or developed by the Soviet/ Russian firearms industry and represents a significant improvement in performance over the Kalashnikov designs that it will replace. The ASN has appeared on an irregular basis at arms show inside Russia, but unlike virtually every other Russian infantry weapon, the ASN is emphatically not for sale to foreign buyers. The fact that the ASN is appearing in equipment displays by elite Russian Army units indicates that it is beginning to replace the Kalashnikov AK-74, the old service weapon. The RPK-74 will probably remain in service, at least until a light machine gun version of the ASN is developed. Interestingly, when queried about the ASN rifle, the usually plain-spoken Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov refused to comment on the ASN. He was quoted as saying, "I don't feel I am entitled to give an assessment of the new product." Kalashnikov went on to say that his son Viktor had a design in the Abakan Competition, hence his reluctance to comment. This implies that the Kalashnikov design was a "loser" in the competition. According to Russian sources, the ASN is disassembled by "traditional methods" but reliability and maintenance is greatly improved over the AK series of weapons by the aforementioned use of modern materials and production processes. It is difficult to imagine that AK reliability could be improved upon to any degree, but the Russians claim that it has. The functioning of the ASN is unusual. It has four selector settings: Safe, Semiautomatic, Two-Round Burst, and Full Automatic. What makes the ASN unique is its "Full-Auto", setting. When placed in this position, the ASN fires the first two rounds at a cyclic rate of 1,800 rounds per minute (rpm). After the first two rounds leave the barrel at this very high cyclic rate, the rifle automatically cycles down to 600 rpm until the trigger is released. When the trigger is released, the process is repeated. The net effect of this arrangement is to significantly raise the probability of obtaining hits with the first two rounds fired, as they come out of the barrel so close together that the rifle has not yet had time for the muzzle to begin to move as a result of recoil forces. According to Russian sources, this solves the contradiction between high volume of fire and accurate aimed fire by the individual rifleman. When "burst" is selected, the ASN fires two rounds at the "high" rate of 1,800 rpm. The ASN feeds from 30 or 45 round magazines. The ASN is gas operated, but the gas tube is beneath the barrel. This is some-what puzzling as the above the barrel position of gas operating mechanisms assist in reducing muzzle rise, always a problem with a fully automatic firearm. The ASN has an unusual appearing compensator which almost certainly helps stabilize the rifle, and may be so efficient in combination with the ASN's other features that the position of the gas tube is immaterial. The rifle employs what the Russians call a "blow-back shifted pulse" or "shifted rebound pulse" in recoil which assists in increasing the firing efficiency of the rifle. This recoil mechanism prevents the reciprocating mass of the bolt mechanism from striking the rear of the receiver when it is in full recoil, implying that the rifle uses what we refer to as a "constant recoil" principle which, in conjunction with a buffer mechanism, helps stabilize the rifle. Further, the recoil forces of the ASN are carried straight back from the breech, thus reducing the tendency of the muzzle to climb when in fully automatic fire. The Russians claim that the probability of a first round hit using the ASN is 1.5 to 1.7 times more likely than with an AK-74, determined using actual troop testing in combat units. The ASN is apparently equipped with optical sights as standard. These are the familiar IL29 4X optical sights which have been used on the AK-74, RPK-74 and PKM weapons for several years. The ASN also has unique "iron" sights. The rear adjustable peep sight is a " ... wheel canted slightly to the right of horizontal with apertures at different elevations for adjusting aimed fire". According to Russian sources, the ASN is sighted out to 1,000 meters, but the increments of adjustment of the iron sights are not known as of this writing. This "canted drum" arrangement is similar to that used by Heckler & Koch. Each aperture is clearly marked on top with its sighted range and a quick twist by the rifleman allows him to change his range almost instantly, even with gloves or trigger-finger mittens. In addition to using the same optical sights as earlier weapons, the ASN also accepts the familiar GP-25 40mm underbarrel grenade-launcher. The ASN bayonet is similar to earlier designs, and may well fit older rifles, but the blade design is somewhat different than that of the Kalashnikov rifles. ASN bayonets that have been observed lack the "sawback" feature of older designs and the point is apparently nearly symmetrical while retaining the wirecutting capability of earlier bayonets. The construction methods of the ASN were likely another reason for its adoption. Unlike the Kalashnikov weapons, the ASN employs modern manufacturing techniques. All components are simplified over those of older weapons, incorporating investment castings, steel stampings, laser welding, powder coatings and polymer construction. All of these constitute advantages over earlier firearms such as the Kalashnikov designs, which still are manufactured using essentially 1950's manufacturing methods and materials. The polymer construction and use of powder coatings for metal parts should improve reliability and simplify maintenance. Despite improvements over earlier weapons that the ASN represents the Russian firearms industry lags far behind the West in terms of computer numerical controlled (CNC) machinery and it is unlikely that this advanced production methodology in manufacturing the ASN. In summation, Gennady Nikonov has apparently developed a thoroughly modern replacement for the venerable Kalashnikov series of assault rifles which have dominated not only Soviet/ Russian armies but the world's military small arms market for nearly 50 years. There are other significant military rifles, but none can compare with the Kalashnikov series, with some 50 million AK-47's, AKM's and AK-74's manufactured since 1947. It now seems, however, that the Kalashnikov has finally been overcome by modern technology. Wisely, the Russians have chosen to begin replacing the Kalashnikov rifles in their own military while the AK's are still serving satisfactorily. Even so, the latest versions of the Kalashnikov assault rifles, the AK-100 series (chambered in 7.62X39mm, 5.45X39mm and 5.56X45mm NATO) produced with the latest phenolic furniture and the same optical sights as the ASN, will ensure the presence of Kalashnikov assault rifles on the world's battlefields for many years to come. --
  2. kellyclan

    kellyclan She only loves you when she's drunk.

    May 16, 2001
    Likes Received:
    Sounds good! Maybe someday before i die, i'll get to try one. :x:

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