Science ish dump thread


OT Supporter
Mar 16, 2008
One of my in-laws got dx'd at stage 4 recently and they canceled her chemo because she was eligible for some gene therapy. She's already back home and doing better. This stuff is insane. She was ready for hospice care and is suddenly better.


Well-Known Member
Jan 13, 2005
Chattanooga, TN

My mother died of stage 4 neuroendocrine cancer (liver, lungs, bone, etc.)

It was a hail mary but they did try nivolumab. One of the last times we were in the hospital they did a chest x-ray of the large tumor in her lungs and the doctor sat there stumped because of how much the tumor had shrunk.


OT Supporter
Sep 1, 2003
The A


Jun 4, 2000
Colorectal cancer statistics, 2023.

Although overall CRC mortality continues to decline, this progress is tempered by a rapidly changing landscape of disease that foreshadows less favorable trends ahead. First, the CRC burden is shifting to younger individuals as cohorts born in the last one half of the 20th century who have elevated risk age; one in five new cases now occur in individuals in their early 50s or younger. Second, there is an overall shift to later stage disease, with more individuals now diagnosed at an advanced stage than in the mid-1990s before widespread screening. Finally, there is a shift from right-sided to left-sided tumors, despite higher efficacy for preventing the latter through screening, likely reflecting changes in underlying disease risk of unknown etiology.


Well-Known Member
Mar 14, 2000
Silicon Valley, CA USA

Rare Jurassic-era bug found at Arkansas Walmart​

By Chloe Kim / BBC News, New York

Back in 2012, Michael Skvarla was running to a Walmart in Arkansas for milk when he spotted a huge insect on the side of the building.

Its wingspan was nearly two inches across. Mr Skvarla studies insects, so he took it home - and forgot about it.

But in 2020, he showed it to his students in class. They realised it was something far more rare than expected: A giant lacewing.

He'd found a bug that hasn't been seen in eastern North America for 50 years.

"We all realised together that the insect was not what it was labelled," said Codey Mathis, one of Mr Skvarla's entomology students at Penn State.

Mr Skvarla, now director of Penn State University's Insect Identification Lab, recently co-authored a paper about the discovery, made when he showed the bug to students in an online class.

That wide wingspan was the clue that led Mr Skvarla and his students to spot, mid-lecture, what they'd found.

"It was so gratifying to know that the excitement doesn't dim, the wonder isn't lost," Mr Mathis said. "Here we were making a true discovery in the middle of an online lab course."
Mr Skvarla later confirmed the find through molecular analysis.

The giant lacewing, or Polystoechotes punctata, is a large insect from the Jurassic Era. It was once widespread, but mysteriously disappeared from eastern North America sometime in the 1950s.

Scientists suspect the disappearance may have been due to pollution, artificial light, non-native predators or a number of other factors.

Mr Skvarla's giant lacewing marks the first time the species has ever been discovered in Arkansas. It "suggests there may be relic populations of this large, Jurassic-Era insect yet to be discovered," he says.

That Arkansas Walmart is located in the Ozark Mountains. The area is under-studied but could be a biodiversity hotspot, say Mr Skvarla and his co-author J. Ray Fisher of Mississippi State University.

It's an ideal place for "a large, showy insect" to hide undetected, they say. Mr Skvarla's specimen could mean there is "a rare, surviving eastern population of giant lacewings that evaded detection and extinction". He's hopeful the discovery may lead to more.

"A finding like this really highlights that even in a run-of-the-mill situation, there are still a tremendous number of discoveries to make about insects," he says.


Snake Pliskin

OT Supporter
May 8, 2013

Studies like these will grow more frequent. Prior to the legalization in many states research on marijuana was very rare because it was classified as being as dangerous as heroin, therefore few researchers wanted to jump through the hoops needed to look into its use. There are repercussions to anything we put in our bodies. For the record I'm a former daily user.


Well-Known Member
Mar 14, 2000
Silicon Valley, CA USA

‘Little dragon’ found on uninhabited Australian island is a new species. Take a look​

Aspen Pflughoeft / Fri, March 3, 2023 at 2:04 PM PST

Landing on the sandy beach, a team of researchers headed into the rainforest of an uninhabited island off the coast of Australia. Scouring the rocky terrain, they soon discovered an unfamiliar creature.

Conrad Hoskin led the reptile survey to Scawfell Island, a rugged island with a rainforest canopy and numerous boulders, James Cook University said in a Friday, March 3, news release. He set out with a goal in mind.

“I went to that island in the hopes of finding some interesting reptile species,” Hoskin told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). “One thing I really hoped for was that there could be one of these incredible leaf-tailed geckos.”

Leaf-tailed geckos are a type of lizard found along the east coast of Australia, Hoskin wrote in a study published Feb. 20 in the journal Zootaxa.

As night fell on Scawfall Island, Hoskin spotted something. “It looks like a little dragon or something,” Hoskin told The Guardian.

The creature had “spindly legs” and a “spiny tail,” the release said. Hoskin quickly realized he was looking at a previously undiscovered species.

He identified the new species as the Scawfell Island leaf-tailed gecko, or phyllurus fimbriatus, the study said. The gecko’s scientific name, fimbriatus, is Latin for “fringed” and refers to the texture of its tail.........................


The gecko is “perfectly camouflaged” for its environment, the release said. Photos show its brown body and blotched coloring blending into the rocks.



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